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Why do we get period cramps?

Period cramps, or dysmenorrhea, occur due to the uterus contracting to shed its lining during menstruation. These contractions can restrict blood flow and oxygen supply to the uterine muscles, causing pain. Prostaglandins, hormone-like substances, play a role in triggering these contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins can lead to more intense cramps. Lifestyle factors, genetics, and underlying conditions can also contribute to the severity of menstrual cramps.