The Relationship Between Dairy Consumption and PMS

The Relationship Between Dairy Consumption and PMS

Published: 10:15AM 18 August 2023

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Jayti Shah

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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common condition experienced by many women during their menstrual cycles. It involves a range of physical and emotional symptoms that can significantly impact daily life. While the exact causes of PMS are not fully understood, the role of diet has gained attention as a potential factor influencing its severity. One area of interest is the relationship between dairy consumption and PMS. In this blog, we will explore the scientific research surrounding this relationship, examining the evidence for and against the impact of dairy on PMS symptoms.

Dairy and PMS: The Scientific Debate

1. Nutrient Content

Dairy products are rich in essential nutrients such as calcium and vitamin D, which might have a positive impact on PMS symptoms.

Calcium is important for muscle function and mood regulation. Vitamin D is associated with bone health and may also play a role in mood regulation. Adequate levels of these nutrients could potentially alleviate some PMS symptoms.

2. Hormones in Dairy

Hormones found in dairy, such as estrogen and progesterone, could contribute to hormonal imbalances that worsen PMS symptoms.

Some dairy products contain naturally occurring hormones or synthetic hormones due to farming practices. Excess hormonal intake might potentially disrupt the body's hormonal balance and contribute to PMS symptoms.

3. Calcium and Muscle Relaxation:

The calcium content in dairy might help alleviate PMS-related muscle cramps and pain.

Calcium is known for its role in muscle contraction and relaxation. Adequate calcium intake might help reduce the severity of muscle-related PMS symptoms.

4. Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance might exacerbate digestive symptoms during PMS due to dairy consumption.

Lactose intolerance, the inability to digest lactose (milk sugar), can lead to gastrointestinal discomfort such as bloating and gas. These symptoms could overlap with PMS-related digestive issues.

5. Dietary Fat and Inflammation

The saturated fat content in some dairy products might contribute to inflammation and worsen PMS symptoms.

Diets high in saturated fats have been linked to inflammation, which can exacerbate various health conditions, including PMS symptoms.


The relationship between dairy consumption and PMS is multifaceted and not fully understood. While some research supports the potential benefits of dairy's nutrient content, others highlight concerns about hormones and digestive issues. It's important for individuals to pay attention to their own bodies and consult healthcare professionals before making significant dietary changes. As with many health-related debates, there isn't a one-size-fits-all answer, and personal experiences should guide dietary decisions.

Jayti Shah is a Clinical Nutritionist with a master's degree in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. She is a member of the Indian Dietetic Association (IDA). Over the last 9 years, she has helped 400 clients in their clinical and weight loss journeys. She works with SocialBoat as a nutrition consultant.

At SocialBoat, we offer custom diet plans and guided workouts to help you achieve your goals in a 360-degree approach. Our gamified experience ensures that you don’t find workouts boring and we reward you for being consistent with your efforts.

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  1. Thys-Jacobs, S., Starkey, P., Bernstein, D., Tian, J., & Quintos, J. (1998). Calcium carbonate and the premenstrual syndrome: effects on premenstrual and menstrual symptoms. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 179(2), 444-452.
  2. Chocano-Bedoya, P. O., Manson, J. E., Hankinson, S. E., Willett, W. C., Johnson, S. R., & Chasan-Taber, L. (2011). Intake of selected minerals and risk of premenstrual syndrome. American Journal of Epidemiology, 174(5), 499-507.
  3. Yonkers, K. A., O'Brien, P. M., Eriksson, E. (Eds.). (2008). Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Guidelines for Research. Springer Science & Business Media.
  4. Friedman, A. J., & Drezner, M. K. (1984). Menstrual cycle symptoms: the effect of increased dietary intake of vitamin B6. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 63(5), 625-630.
  5. Dhillon, P. K., & Jeemon, P. (2014). Impact of lifestyle factors on premenstrual symptoms among adolescent girls. Indian Journal of Community Medicine: Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 39(2), 99.
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