The Link Between Thyroid Health and Chronic Fatigue in Women

The Link Between Thyroid Health and Chronic Fatigue in Women

Published: 08:51AM 28 July 2023

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Jayti Shah

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Chronic fatigue is a prevalent and debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide, with women being more susceptible to its effects. While there can be various underlying causes for chronic fatigue, recent scientific research has highlighted a significant connection between thyroid health and chronic fatigue, especially in women. The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating energy metabolism, and any dysfunction in its functioning can lead to a cascade of health issues, including chronic fatigue.

In this blog, we will explore the scientific evidence behind the link between thyroid health and chronic fatigue in women. We will delve into the role of the thyroid gland, explain how it impacts energy levels, and present evidence-based suggestions to support thyroid health and combat chronic fatigue.

The Thyroid Gland and Its Role in Energy Regulation

The thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located in the neck, produces hormones that play a vital role in regulating various metabolic processes in the body. The two primary hormones produced by the thyroid are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are responsible for controlling the body's metabolism, which includes how the body utilizes energy from food.

The thyroid's functioning is controlled by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland through a feedback mechanism involving the production of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), respectively. When the thyroid hormone levels drop, the hypothalamus and pituitary gland release TRH and TSH, respectively, to stimulate the thyroid gland to produce more hormones.

The Link Between Thyroid Health and Chronic Fatigue in Women

Research has shown that women are more susceptible to thyroid disorders, and these disorders are often associated with chronic fatigue. One of the most common thyroid conditions is hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism can lead to a slowdown in metabolism, resulting in symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, and lethargy.

Furthermore, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), a condition characterized by extreme fatigue lasting for six months or longer, has also been linked to thyroid dysfunction. Studies have revealed that CFS patients frequently exhibit abnormalities in thyroid hormone levels, indicating a potential connection between thyroid health and chronic fatigue.

Suggestions to Support Thyroid Health and Combat Chronic Fatigue

Considering the significant connection between thyroid health and chronic fatigue, it is essential to take proactive steps to support thyroid function and manage fatigue effectively. Here are some evidence-based suggestions:

1.Balanced Diet: Consuming a well-balanced diet is crucial for providing essential nutrients that support thyroid health. Include foods rich in iodine, selenium, zinc, and vitamin D, as these nutrients play a vital role in thyroid function.

2. Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can help improve metabolism and energy levels. Exercise has also been shown to have positive effects on thyroid hormone levels.

3. Stress Management: Chronic stress can negatively impact thyroid function and exacerbate fatigue. Practicing stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, yoga, and mindfulness can be beneficial.

4. Good Sleep: Prioritize good sleep hygiene to ensure sufficient rest and rejuvenation.


Chronic fatigue is a challenging condition that affects numerous individuals, especially women. The thyroid gland's role in regulating metabolism and energy utilization underscores its impact on fatigue. Various studies have demonstrated the association between thyroid dysfunction and chronic fatigue, highlighting the importance of addressing thyroid health in managing fatigue effectively.

Implementing evidence-based suggestions, such as maintaining a balanced diet, regular exercise, stress management, and prioritizing quality sleep, can help support thyroid function and combat chronic fatigue. By understanding the intricate relationship between thyroid health and chronic fatigue, individuals can take proactive steps to improve their overall well-being and lead a more energized life.

Jayti Shah is a Clinical Nutritionist with a master's degree in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. She is a member of the Indian Dietetic Association (IDA). Over the last 9 years, she has helped 400 clients in their clinical and weight loss journeys. She works with SocialBoat as a nutrition consultant.

At SocialBoat, we offer custom diet plans and guided workouts to help you achieve your goals in a 360-degree approach. Our gamified experience ensures that you don’t find workouts boring and we reward you for being consistent with your efforts.

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  1. Tóth-Heyn, P., & Dumas, R. (2015). Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy in Women of Reproductive Age: Safe for the Embryo and the Fetus?. Journal of Thyroid Research, 2015, 457601. doi: 10.1155/2015/457601
  2. Rahman, A., Underwood, C., Carnethon, M., & Baig, W. (2019). Prevalence of Thyroid Disorders in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Thyroid, 29(11), 1591–1601. doi: 10.1089/thy.2018.0635
  3. American Thyroid Association. (n.d.). Thyroid and Fatigue. Retrieved from
  4. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2017). Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid). Retrieved from
  5. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2019). Hashimoto's Disease. Retrieved from
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