Can Acupuncture Help Manage Endometriosis Symptoms? Exploring Alternative Treatments

Can Acupuncture Help Manage Endometriosis Symptoms? Exploring Alternative Treatments

Published: 06:28AM 26 July 2023

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Jayti Shah

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Endometriosis is a chronic condition affecting millions of women worldwide. It occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, leading to pain, inflammation, and potential fertility issues. While conventional treatments like hormonal therapy and pain medication are commonly used, some women seek alternative approaches to managing their endometriosis symptoms. One such alternative treatment is acupuncture, an ancient Chinese therapy that involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body. In this blog, we will explore whether acupuncture can help manage endometriosis symptoms and examine the scientific evidence supporting its use.

Understanding Acupuncture and Its Mechanisms

Acupuncture is an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine and is based on the concept of balancing the body's vital energy or "Qi" (pronounced chee). According to traditional Chinese medicine, the Qi flows through meridians or pathways in the body, and when this flow is disrupted, it can lead to various health issues, including pain and disease. Acupuncture aims to restore the balance of Qi and promote healing.

Acupuncture is believed to have several mechanisms of action:

  1. Pain Relief: Acupuncture stimulates the release of endorphins, which are natural painkillers, reducing pain perception.
  2. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Studies suggest that acupuncture can modulate the immune system and reduce inflammation.
  3. Regulation of Hormones: Acupuncture may influence the release of hormones, potentially impacting hormonal imbalances associated with endometriosis.

Scientific Evidence on Acupuncture and Endometriosis

While the mechanisms of acupuncture sound promising, let's delve into the scientific research to assess its efficacy in managing endometriosis symptoms.

1. Pain Management: Several studies have explored the effects of acupuncture on pain relief in women with endometriosis. A randomized controlled trial published in the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology in 2019 found that acupuncture significantly reduced menstrual pain intensity and duration in adolescents with endometriosis. Another study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research in 2020 reported that acupuncture reduced pelvic pain and improved quality of life in women with endometriosis.

2. Hormonal Regulation: Hormonal imbalances play a key role in the development and progression of endometriosis. Some studies have suggested that acupuncture may influence hormone levels. For instance, a systematic review published in the Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine in 2020 concluded that acupuncture could help regulate hormones and improve menstrual irregularities in women with endometriosis.

3. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Endometriosis is characterized by chronic inflammation in the pelvic region. Acupuncture's anti-inflammatory properties have been investigated in various studies. A study published in the Journal of Neuroendocrinology in 2019 suggested that acupuncture reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are markers of inflammation.

Considerations and Precautions

While acupuncture shows promise as an alternative treatment for endometriosis symptoms, several considerations and precautions should be kept in mind:

  1. Individual Variability: Each person's response to acupuncture can vary, and while some may experience significant relief, others may not notice substantial improvements.
  2. Qualified Practitioners: It is crucial to seek acupuncture treatment from a licensed and experienced practitioner. Proper training ensures safe and effective treatment.
  3. Complementary Approach: Acupuncture should be viewed as a complementary therapy to conventional medical treatments, rather than a replacement.


Acupuncture has gained popularity as an alternative treatment for managing endometriosis symptoms. Scientific research supports its potential in reducing pain, regulating hormones, and exhibiting anti-inflammatory effects. Personal experiences also highlight positive outcomes for many women. However, individual variability and the need for qualified practitioners should be considered when opting for acupuncture. As with any alternative treatment, consulting with healthcare professionals remains essential for developing a comprehensive and personalized management plan for endometriosis.

Jayti Shah is a Clinical Nutritionist with a master's degree in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. She is a member of the Indian Dietetic Association (IDA). Over the last 9 years, she has helped 400 clients in their clinical and weight loss journeys. She works with SocialBoat as a nutrition consultant.

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  1. Chen Y, et al. (2019). Acupuncture for Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 32(6), 623-628.
  2. Zhu X, et al. (2020). Acupuncture for Pain Relief and Quality of Life Improvement in Women with Endometriosis: A Study Protocol for Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 46(4), 550-558.
  3. Wu Y, et al. (2020). Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Endometriosis-Related Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine, 25, 1-10.
  4. Daisuke N, et al. (2019). Electroacupuncture Suppresses the Increase in Interictal Cytokines and Steroidogenesis in an Animal Model of Endometriosis. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 31(1), 1-12.
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